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by the grace of God Archbishop of Constantinople,
the New Rome, and Ecumenical Patriarch

    In the name of the holy, consubstantial, life-giving and undivided Trinity.
"God is love" (1 Jn 4:9), and love is the God-given characteristic by which the disciples of Christ are recognized, the force which keeps his Church together, and the principle there of peace, unity of mind and heart, and of order, and by the same token a perpetual and striking manifestation of the Holy Spirit within it.
    Those then who have been divinely entrusted with the administration of the Churches of God must always take care of this "bond of perfection" (Col 3:14), and bring it into use with the greatest attention, solicitude and vigilance.
    If it should happen that, as of old, love should grow cold and unity in Christ be broken, we must in all urgency lay constraining hands on this evil, and provide a remedy.
    It came about that in the year 1054, by decrees known only to God, it was the lot of the Church to be terribly storm tossed, so that the general relationships between the Churches of Rome and Constantinople were thrown into jeopardy, and the love that kept them together was so far injured that anathema found place in the midst of the Church of God. The legates from Rome, Cardinal Humbert and his colleagues, anathematized Patriarch Michael Cerularius and his two auxiliaries, and Patriarch Michael Cerularius with his Synod similarly anathematized the document of the Roman legates, together with those who displayed it and those involved with them. In view of all this, an obligation became incumbent on the Churches of Rome and Constantinople to imitate the divine goodness and love for humankind by jointly putting these matters right and restoring peace.
    Whence now that in these recent times the good pleasure of God has been made manifest in our regard, and has shown us the way of reconciliation and peace, by means among other things of what has been accomplished by the blessed, fruitful, and indeed mutual care both of the Old and the New Rome for the cultivation of brotherly relations with one another, it has seemed right to each of us that we should take steps to correct what happened in the past, and as far as lies with us to remove what can be removed from the serried obstacles before us, with a view to the promotion and increase, the building up and the perfection of love.
    Accordingly we, that is to say our humble self, together with the very venerable and highly honored Metropolitans, our beloved brothers and colleagues, considering the present moment a time acceptable to the Lord, have met in Synod and taken counsel together. Finding ourselves in fellowship of view and intention with ancient Rome, we have decided to remove from memory and the midst of the Church the aforesaid anathema pronounced by Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and his Synod.
    Whence we declare and set down in writing that the anathema pronounced in the main Chancellery of the Great Church in our part of the world, in the year of salvation 1054, in the month of July, of the seventh indiction, is henceforth removed from memory and the midst of the Church, and is to be regarded as such by all. And this by the mercy of the God of all pity: may he, through the intercession of our all-blessed Lady, Mother of God and ever-Virgin Mary, of the holy glorious Apostles, Peter the first as leader of the group and Andrew the First-Called, and of all the saints, grant peace to his Church and guard it for all ages.
    In confirmation of which, and as a lasting sign and constant witness, the present Patriarchal and Synodal deed has been enacted, having been drawn up and signed in the sacred register of our holy Church, and an identical copy having been sent to the holy Church of ancient Rome, for cognizance thereof and to be deposited in its archives.
    In the year of our salvation 1965, 7 December, of the fourth indiction.
    Athenagoras the Patriarch of Constantinople so declares.

[Subscribed by:] Thomas of Chalcedon, Chrysostom of Neo-Caesarea, Jerome of Rodopolis, Symeon of Irinopolis, Dorotheos of the Princes' Isles, Maximos of Laodicea, Chrysostom of Myra, Cyril of Chaldia, Meliton of Helioupolis and Theira, Emilianos of Miletus.


Source: [E.J. Stormon, ed., Towards the Healing of Schism. The Sees of Rome and Constantinople. Public statements and correspondence between the Holy See and the Ecumenical Patriarchate 1958-1984, Ecumenical Documents, 3 (NY/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1987) 130-131.]


  1. Immediately after the reading of the Common Declaration, The Patriarch gave his response to the Holy Synod. Patriarchal "Tome" by means of which Patriarch Athenagoras and his Synod remove from memory and from the midst of the Church the anathemas of 1054. Original text in Greek.

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